1913 b. June 26th? in Basse Pointe, Martinique 
   Aime Fernand David Cesaire.
   Martinican poet, playwright, and politician.
   One of the most influential authors from the French-speaking Caribbean. 
   He formulated with Leopold Senghor and Leon Gontian Damas the concept and 
   movement of negritude, defined as 
   affirmation that one is black and proud of it. 
   Cesaire's thoughts about restoring the cultural identity of black Africans were 
   first fully expressed in Cahier d'un retour au pays natal (Notebook of the 
   Return to My Native Land), a mixture of poetry and poetic prose. 
   The work celebrated the ancestral homelands of Africa and the Caribbean. 
   It was completed in 1939 but not published in full form until 1947.

    my negritude is not a stone
    nor a deafness flung against the clamor of the day
    my negritude is not a white speck of dead water
    on the dead eye of the earth
    my negritude is neither tower nor cathedral 
    it plunges into the red flesh of the soil
    it plunges into the blaxing flesh of the sky
    my negritude riddles with holes
    the dense affliction of its worthy patience.

 1935 In Paris created, together with Leopold Sedar Senghor -> and Leon Damas ->, 
   the literary review L'Etudiant Noir (The Black Student).

 1937 m. fellow Martinican student Suzanne Roussi.

 1939 They returned to Martinique with their young son.  
   Completed Notebook of the Return to My Native Land (excerpt ->).

 1941 Visited by Andre Breton, Jacqueline Lamba and Wifredo Lam 
   when they stopped in Martinique while fleeing Vichy France to the US.
   Together with his wife and and the help of other Martinican intellectuals such 
   as Rene Menil and Aristide Maugee 
   founded the literary review 'Tropiques''.

 1944 Visits Haiti for 7 months, organized by Pierre Mabille

 1945 Mayor of Fort de France.

 1947 Andre Breton wrote the introduction to Cahier d'un retour au pays natal.

 1993? Cesaire retired from politics.

 1994? Annie Le Brun  writes Pour Aime Cesaire.

 2008? d. April in Fort-de-France.

   Poetry and Political Imagination ->.
   See here -> and also -> and    Criticism ->.

   See Franklin Rosemont's introduction to Andre Breton's book Martinique: Snake Charmer ->.

   See Timeline.