VillaAir-Bel

  1940 End of October.
     Villa Air-Bel, 63 Ave. Jean Lombard on the outskirts of Marseille was rented 
     with funds supplied by Mary Jane Gold. 
     Initial occupants were Mary Jane Gold, Danny Benedite and Theo Benedite 
     (their son Peterkin was with Eva, Danny's mother in Juan le Pins).
     Victor Serge,  Laurette Sejourne, Vlady Serge, Jean Gemahling, 
     Marcel Verzeano, Miriam Davenport, Andre Breton, and Jacqueline Lamba. 
     Varian Fry moved in slightly later. 

     On Sundays the Surrealists and their friends arrived. 
     Among them Oscar Dominguez, Jacques Herold, Victor Brauner, 
     Wifredo Lam, Helena Holzer, Sylvain Itkine, Benjamin Peret, 
     Max Ernst, Georges Dumas (Fr). ->, Frederic Delanglade, Pierre Herbart (Fr). ->, Andre Gide,
     Boris Voline -> (Russian Anarchist), Jean Malaquais?.

     During this time the Marseille Card Game pack was drawn.
     Some of the surrealists were also involved in the baking cooperative Croque-Fruits?. 
     When not in Villa Bel-Air the surrealists would meet at Au Bruleur de Loup 
     (To Roast the Wolves) a cafe in the Vieux Port of Marseille.

  1941 January; Victor Serge, Laurette? and Vlady? "expelled" from the villa
     After the Breton's left for Martinique, Max Ernst moves into the villa as 
     does Consuelo de Saint-Exupery? the wife of Antoine de Saint-Exupery
     March; Marc Chagall? and his family visit the villa.
     September 7th. Varian Fry left France as did Marcel Verzeano.
     Jean Gemahling moves into a room in Marseille and is involved in the 
     Resistance group Combat.
     Charles Wolff moves into the villa.
     Oct. Benjamin Peret and Remedios Varo move in, invited by the Benedites.

     Visitors Rene Char, Tristan Tzara, Arthur Adamov ->, Victor Brauner,
     Marcel Duchamp, Peggy Guggenheim.

     Bibliography
     Crossroads Marseilles 1940 -> - Mary Jane Gold.
     Villa Air-Bel: World War II, Escape, and a House in Marseille -> - Rosemary Sullivan (2006)  

     See web -> and -> essay.

     See Timeline