Toyen

 1902 b. Sept. 21st. in Prague as Marie Čermínová¡ 
   Czech Painter, draftsman and illustrator, and member of the surrealist movement.
 1919 to 1920 she attended UMPRŮM (School of Decorative Arts) in Prague.

 1920 Member of the Devetsil group founded by Karel Teige.
   She worked closely with fellow Surrealist poet and artist Jindrich Styrsky 
   until his death. 

 1925 Moved to Paris where her first solo exibit was prefaced by Philippe Soupault.

 1928 Returned to Prague.

 1932Poesie 3 exhibition staged by the Menes Association of Fine Artists - 
   the first major manifestation of Surrealism on Czech soil. 
   This important show brought to Prague artists such as Salvador Dali, Jean Arp, Max Ernst, 
   Giorgio de Chirico, Paul Klee, Joan Miro and Yves Tanguy, exhibiting 
   alongside Czech artists including 
   Jindrich Styrsky, František Muzika, Adolf Hoffmeister and half a dozen others.
   Illustrates Justine -> - de Sade?.

 1933 Translates and illustrates The Life of Penitents by the C16th Italian  
   Pietro Aretino ->.

 1934 After meeting Andre Breton in Paris with Va­tazslav Nezval and Jindr™ich Honzl , 
    helped cofound  the Prague surrealists group with Karel Teige and others.

 1935 Andre Breton , Paul Eluard and Louis Aragon went to Prague 
    and began a lifelong friendship with Toyen.

 1937  Territoire endormi.
Larger ->.
 1938 January; exhibits in Exposition Internationale du Surrealisme at the 
   Galerie Beaux-Arts, Paris; 
   Organizers Andre Breton, Marcel Duchamp.
   Frequently sees Mary Low and Juan Brea, the cuban militant trotskyist in Prague.

 1940 Illustrates Nur die Turmfalken brunzen ruhig auf die 10 Gebote for 
   Jindrich Heisler; cover plates by Jindrich Styrsky.

 1942 Death of Jindrich Styrsky.

 1947 Provides original artwork for the catalogue of Le Surrealisme en 1947 
   or Please Touch at Galerie Maeght, Paris. 

 1948 Fled to Paris with her second artistic partner, Jindrich Heisler 
    and worked until the end of her life with Andre Breton and  Benjamin Peret.

 1950 Gift for Andre Breton on the eve of his birthday 18th Feb.

 1965? Franklin Rosemont "when my wife, Penelope, and I went to Paris to visit Andre Breton
    we found that the Surrealist group was still meeting daily at a Les Halles cafe 
    delightfully called La Promenade de Venus. 
    Twenty-five to 50 people attended these lively gatherings each evening. Most of them 
    were in their 30's;  some, like Penelope and myself, were younger. 
    Andre Breton, his wife, Elisa Claro, Jehan Mayoux and the Czech painter 
    Toyen were the only elders among the regulars".
    Franklin Rosemont translated some of her work.
    She referred to herself in the masculine case. 

 1966 Paravent 
Larger ->
 1980? d. Nov. 9th. Paris.
    Interred in the cemetry des Batignolles . 
    Inscription Je m'aperçois que ma page blanche est devenue verte.


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