There is no abstract art. You must always start with something. Afterward you can remove all traces of reality. I begin with an idea and then it becomes something else. (Pablo Picasso) ==A - D== ==E - J== ==K - N== ==O - R== ==S - Z== ==A - D== Gertrude Abercrombie - American - Female Marion Adnams - English - Female Eileen Agar - English - Photographer - Collagist - Female Tarsila Do Amaral - Brazilian - Female John Armstrong - English - Muralist. Jean Arp - German - French - Sculptor - Poet Rachel Baes - Belgian - Female Alice Bailly - Swiss - Female and multimedia artist Antonio Berni - Argentina? John Selby Bigge - English Ejler Bille Danish Enrico Baj - Italian Christine Boumeester - Dutch - Female Victor Brauner - Romanian - Sculptor Fanny Brennan - American - Miniaturist - Female Emmy Bridgwater - English - Collagist - Poet and Graphic artist Female Serge Brignoni - Swiss Edward Burra - English Pol Bury - Belgian Bruno Capacci - Italian Leonora Carrington - English born, Mexican - Sculptor - Writer - Female Mario Cesariny - Portuguese - Poet Serge Charchoune - Russian - Poet Giorgio de Chirico - Greek-Italian Elisa Claro - Chilean - Writer - Female Ithell Colquhoun - British - Writer playwright and Poet - Female Adrien Dax - French - Writer - Graphic Artist Artur Do Cruzeiro Seixas - Portuguese - Poet Salvador Dali - Spanish Frederic Delanglade - French Sonia Delaunay Ukranian-French - Female - Textile and stage set designer Paul Delvaux - Belgian Enrico Donati - American - Sculptor Oscar Dominguez - Spanish Christian Dotremont - Belgian - Writer Marcel Duchamp - French - American - Art Collector - Sculptor and mixed media artist == E - J == Tony Earnshaw - English - Writer - Box maker Marc Eemans - Belgian Camilo Egas - Ecuadorian? Max Ernst - German later French - Poet - Sculptor - Collagist Merlyn Evans - Welsh - Printmaker - Sculptor - Teacher Leonor Fini - Italian - Writer - Female Esteban Frances - Spanish Wilhelm Freddie - Danish - Sculptor Alberto Giacometti - Swiss - Sculptor - draughtsman, and Printmaker. James Gleeson - Australian - Poet Henri Goetz - American- French - Painter and Engraver Arshile Gorky - American Eugenio Granell - Spanish - Poet - Writer Jane Graverol - Belgian - Female Jacoba Haas - Dutch - Female David Hare - American - Sculptor - Photographer Stanley William Hayter- English - Printmaker Charles Howard - American Jacques Herold - French - Romanian - Sculptor and Printmaker. Tristram Hillier - English Valentine Hugo - French and Illustrator - Female Marcel Janco - Romanian - Dada - Architect Marcel Jean - French - Writer ==K - N== Frida Kahlo - Mexican - Female Rita Kernn-Larsen- Danish - Female Kiki de Montparnasse - French - Model - Actor - Female - memoirist - nightclub singer Wifredo Lam - Cuban Jacqueline Lamba - French - Model and Muse Female Stanislao Lepri - Italian Gerardo Lizarraga - Spanish - Film Maker Mathias Lubeck - German - Poet Helen Lundeberg - American - Female Dora Maar - French - Photographer - Model and Muse- Female Conroy Maddox - English - Collagist - Writer Rene Magritte - Belgian Georges Malkine - French Maruja Mallo - Spanish - Female Andre Masson - French Roberto Matta - Chilean - French Reuben Mednikoff - English Oscar Mellor - English - and Publisher John Melville - English Henri Michaux - Belgian/French - Poet - Writer Joan Miro - Spanish - Sculptor - Ceramicist Johannes Moesman - Dutch - railway worker, polemicist, type designer and amateur photographer. Pierre Molinier - French - Photographer and "maker of objects" Max Morise - French - Writer - Actor Cesar Moro - Peruvian - Poet - Painter Richard Mortensen - Danish Paul Nash - English ==0 - R== Octavio Ocampo - Mexican - Sculptor Richard Oelze - German Meret Oppenheim - Swiss - Sculptor - Photographer - Model - Poet - Female Wolfgang Paalen - Austrian - Mexican - Writer Grace Pailthorpe - English - Female Mimi Parent - French - Canadian and creator of objects Female Roland Penrose - English - Patron - historian and Poet Valentine Penrose nee Bouee - Female - French- Poet Jules Perahim - Romanian Bjerke Petersen - Danish - Writer Francis Picabia - French - Poet Pablo Picasso - Spanish - Sculptor Angel Planells - Spanish - Poet Alice Rahon- French - Writer - Poet - Female Toni del Renzio - Russian - English - Writer - art historian Man Ray - American - Photographer - Film Maker Edith Rimmington - English - Writer - Photographer - Female Diego Rivera - Mexican - Muralist ==S - Z== Kay Sage - American - Poet - Female Alberto Savinio - Italian - Writer - Painter - Musician Kurt Schwitters - German - Collagist Osman Austin Spare - English - Occultist and Outsider Ferdinand Springer - German and Engraver Edward Steichen -American - Photographer - Patron - Gallery Owner Jindrich Styrsky - Czech - Poet - Photographer Collagist Dede Sunbeam Max Walter Svanberg - Swedish - Illustrator, and Designer. Sophie Taeuber - Swiss - Sculptor - Tapestry - Female Yves Tanguy - French Dorothea Tanning - American - Sculptor - Writer - Female - set and costume designer - printmaker Virginia Tentindo - Argentinian - Sculptor - Female Elsa Thorensen? - Danish - Painter - Female Bona Tibertelli De Pisis - Italian - Poet - Female Bridget Tichenor - Mexican Tita - Czech - Female Toyen - Czech - draftsman and illustrator - Female Julian Trevelyan - English - Poet Clovis Trouille - French Raoul Ubac - Belgian - Photographer - Sculptor Cordelia Urueta - Mexican - Female Dino Valls - Spanish Marcelino Vespeira - Portuguese - Graphic Artist Remedios Varo - Spanish -- Writer - Female Edward Wadsworth - English - Printmaker - Draughtsman - Muralist Willem Wagenaar - Dutch Marie Wilson - American - Female Scottie Wilson - English - self taught Wols - German - Photographer Ramses Younan - Egyptian - Writer Unica Zurn - German - Writer - Femail?