1881? October 25th b. in Malaga. Pablo Diego Jose Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Maria de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santisima Trinidad Clito Ruiz y Picasso. Picasso was a Spanish Painter, draughtsman, and Sculptor. Son of Don Jose Ruiz y Blasco and Maria Picasso y Lopez. Best known for co-founding the Cubist movement and for the wide variety of styles embodied in his work His father was also a painter; a professor of art at the School of Crafts and a curator of a local museum. No:painting is not there just to decorate the walls of a flat. It is a means of waging offensive and defensive war against the enemy. Though never a formal member of the Surrealists he was both an inspiration and friend to many of them. ==Early Days== ==1900's== ==1910's== ==1920's and 30's== ==1940's and 50's== ==Later Years== ==Early Days== 1888? Started with formal artistic training from his father; figure drawing and oil painting. 1891? The family moved to La Coruna, where his father became a professor at the School of Fine Arts. 1897 Attended Madrid's Royal Academy of San Fernando, but he disliked formal instruction and quit attending classes. 1899? Family moved to Barcelona. First met Jaime Sabartes ->. ==1900's== 1900 First trip to Paris. Met and shared a studio with Max Jacob. 1901? Lived in Madrid, where he and his anarchist friend Francisco de Asas Soler founded the magazine Arte Joven. His friend Casagemas -> committed suicide. 1904 Met Fernande Olivier who became his mistress and subject of many of his Rose Period paintings. Frequented the bar Le Lapin Agile ->. 1905 Leo and Gertrude Stein and their older brother Michael Stein and his wife Sarah became collectors of his work. Gertrude Stein became his principal patron, acquiring his drawings and paintings and exhibiting them in her informal Salon in Paris. At one of these gatherings he met Henri Matisse. 1906 The art dealer bought most ofhis Rose pictures. With Fernande -> he traveled to Barcelona and then to Gosol. 1907 First Cubist picture - ; - See ->; Introduces Guillaume Apollinaire to Marie Laurencin. Joined the art gallery that had recently been opened in Paris by Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler. 1908 Holidays in the country with Georges Braque. The beginning of Analytical Cubism ->. At this time he met Andre Breton, Guillaume Apollinaire who became one of his greatest friends, and Alfred Jarry. 1909 Portrait of who remained a lifelong friend. ==1910's==]] 1910 Produces four lithographs for Max Jacob and a portrait of Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, now his dealer. 1911 Summer in Ceret. Guillaume Apollinaire was arrested on suspicion of stealing the Mona Lisa from the Louvre and pointed to his friend Picasso, who was also brought in for questioning, but both were later exonerated. 1912 Fernande runs off with Ubaldo Oppi ->. Starts an affair with Marcelle Humbert, whom he called Eva (later Gouel d. 1916). Started experimenting with synthetic cubism -> with Georges Braque. Meets Yanko Varda. 1913 Befriended Foujita and met Giorgio de Chirico. 1914 Met Jean Arp. 1916 Jean Cocteau brought Sergei Diaghilev and Erik Satie to meet him in his studio Relationship with Gaby Lespinasse. 1917 Set, curtain and costumes for Jean Cocteau's Ballet Parade Music was by Erik Satie and program notes by Guillaume Apollinaire. Opened May 18th. performed by Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets Russes. Traveled to Rome with Cocteau and met ballerina Olga Khokhlova (1891-1955), a ballerina with Diaghilev's Ballet Russes; Accompanied the ballet group to Madrid and Barcelona. 1918 m. Olga. His post-war friends included Jean Cocteau, Jean Hugo, Juan Gris ->. Nov. visited by Andre Breton in the Bateau Lavoir. 1919 Meets Louis Aragon. ==1920's and 30's== 1920 Portrait of Igor Stravinsky ->. Makes a drawing for Louis Aragon's first published poetry collection 'Feu de joie. 1921 Birth of son . 1922 Portrait of Gertrude Stein ->. 1923 Met Man Ray. 1924 Met Youki. 1926 Met Rene Crevel at a dinner party. Introduced to Salvador Dali when they both exhibited in Barcelona. 1927 Meets Marie-Therese Walter ->. 1930 Crucifixion -> ''What do they mean by religious art? It's an absurdity. How can you make religious art one day and another kind the next.'' 1932 Surrealism : Woman with a flower.
1933 May; Cover for first edition of Minotaure. 1934 A square in Man Ray's Surrealist Chessboard. 1935 Starts writing poetry -> later translated and published as Burial Of The Count Of Orgaz & Other Poems ->. Nov; Jaime Sabartes starts working for him as his private secretary. Affair with Alice Rahon. 1936 Alice Rahon writes Despair to him. Meets Dora Maar (See Photo ->) on the terrace of the Cafe les Deux Magots. Their affair began in august when he found her in St Tropez staying with Lise Deharme and took her back to Mougins. Paul Eluard, Nusch, Roland Penrose and Lee Miller, Man Ray and Ady Fidelin were also part of the holiday group up and down the coast. Illustrates poems for, and drew a portrait of Paul Eluard. A conversation with Maar and Meret Oppenheim inspires her Fur-lined Teacup, Saucer, and Spoon. 1937 Guernica ->. "Guernica, the oldest town of the Basque provinces and the center of their cultural traditions, was almost completely destroyed by the rebels in an air attack yesterday afternoon. The bombing of the undefended town far behind the front line took exactly three quarters of an hour. During this time and without interruption a group of German aircraft, Junker and Heinkel bombers as well as Heinkel fighters dropped bombs weighing up to 500 kilogrammes on the town. At the same time low-flying fighter planes fired machine-guns at the inhabitants who had taken refuge in the fields. The whole of Guernica was in flames in a very short time." The Times, April 27, 1937. Dora Maar made a photographic record of the stages of this epic work. Painted six portraits of Lee Miller, (and slept with her) during the summer she spent in Mougins together with Roland Penrose, Paul Eluard, Nusch, Man Ray and Ady Fidelin, Eileen Agar and Joseph Bard; together with his then lover, Dora Maar. 1939 Illustrates Sablier couche for Alice Rahon. ==1940's and 50's== 1943 Started affair with Francoise Gilot (b. 1921) who he met when dining at Catalan with Dora Maar and Marie-Laure de Noailles. 1944 Joined the French Communist Party. Leaves Maar. First met Genevieve Laporte. 1945 In an interview with Jerome Seckler, he stated: "I am a Communist and my painting is Communist painting.... But if I were a shoemaker, Royalist or Communist or anything else, I would not necessarily hammer my shoes in a special way to show my politics." 1947 Francoise gave birth to Claude. Balthus visits him. 1948 Francoise gave birth to Paloma. 1949 Paris World Peace Conference adopted a dove created by Picasso as the official symbol. Gives Dorothea Tanning a Rose. 1951 June; witness with Francoise to the marriage at St. Tropez of Paul Eluard and Dominique Laure Started affair with Genevieve Laporte -> (b. 1927). Met Jacqueline Roque (1926 -1986) 1954 Brief affair Sylvette David -> . 1955 Picasso bought "La Californie", a large villa near Cannes. 1956 Starts to illustrate Rene Crevel's poems. ==Later Years== 1961 m. Jacqueline. He created more works of art based on Jacqueline than any of his other loves, in one year painting; over 70 portraits of her. 1967 Le Regard Picasso film by Nelly Kaplan of whom he became a loyal fan. insolence raised to the status of a fine art. 1968 Death of his secretary Jaime Sabartes. 1970 Picasso: War, Peace and Love -> a film made by his friend the photographer Lucien Clergue. The soundtrack was by Manitas de Plata (Fr) ->. 1973 d. April 8th. Mougins, France There is no abstract art. You must always start with something. Afterward you can remove all traces of reality. Slept with most of his models except Gertrude Stein Bibliography Picasso -> - Patrick O'Brian (1976). A Life of Picasso: The Prodigy, 1881-1906 -> - John Richardson (2007) - John Richardson (2007) A Life of Picasso: The Triumphant Years, 1917-1932 (Vol 3) - John Richardson (2007) Loving Picasso The Private Journal of Fernande Olivier -. See Review -> Life with Picasso -> - Francoise Gilot (1989) See work ->, and Cubism ->. See The Women of Pablo Picasso ->. See Timeline