ManRay

 1890 Aug.27th. b. Emmanuel Radnitzky in Philadelphia.
    American, Painter - Photographer - Film Maker
 1897 Parents moved to New York.

 ==1920's==
 ==1930's==
 ==1940's==
 ==1950's and later==


 1911 Met with photographer Alfred Stieglitz. 
    Attended art courses at Ferrer School. 

 1913 Influenced by Armory show, moved to art colony in Ridgefield, New Jersey 
    sharing a studo with Samuel Halpert -> painter, and meeting among others the poet 
    Alfred Kreymbourg -> and the Belgian poet Adon Lacroix (real name: Donna Lecoeur) 
    ex girlfriend of his old teacher, the sculptor Adolf Wolff.

 1914 m. Adon Lacroix, who introduced him to the Inspirations 
    of Les Chants de Maldoror as well as Rimbaud, and Baudelaire, 
    Mallarme and Guillaume Apollinaire.

 1915 First solo show -> of paintings and drawings at The Daniel Gallery. 
    Begins to record his own work on camera. 
    Founded the group Others with Alfred Kreymborg ->.  
    This group included Walter Arensberg, Wallace Stevens ->, Mina Loy, Marianne Moore ->
    and Marcel Duchamp.

 1915 - 1916 Attends soires at the [[Walter Arensberg|Arensbergs (Walter and Louis), where he meets
    Charles Demuth ->, Georges Bellows ->, Joseph Stella ->, William Carlos Williams ->, 
     Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Edgar Varese ->, and Jean Crotti. 
     With Marcel Duchamp, he also participates in the New York Dada movement.  

 1916 The Rope Dancer Accompanies Herself with Shadows 
Larger ->.
 1917 One of the forces behind The Society of Independent Artists, together with Walter Arensberg. 

 1918 He produced his first significant photographs. 
     Ferdinand Howard begins collecting Man Ray's work and becomes his patron.

 1919 Single issue of TNT; Adolf Wolff, Adon Lacroix, Walter Arensberg, 
     Marcel Duchamp, and Philippe Soupault.

 1919 Separated from Adon whom he formally divorced in 1937

 ==1920's==
 1920 object ->> The Riddle of Isidore Ducasse  with inspirations from Lautreamont. 
     Helped Marcel Duchamp make his first machine. 
     Elevage de poussiere (Dust Breeding) -> collaboration with Duchamp.
     Corresponds and later befriends Tristan Tzara.  
     With Katherine Dreier and Duchamp founded the Societe Anonyme, an itinerant 
     collection which in effect was the first museum of modern art in the U.S. 
     First show included work by Constantin Brancusi, Juan Gris ->,  Joseph Stella ->, 
     Jacques Villon -> (brother of Duchamp), Francis Picabia, and Man Ray.

 1921 April; Teamed up with Marcel Duchamp to publish the single edition New York Dada. 
     Introduced to Elsa Schiaparelli by Gabriella Picabia.
     Makes a film with Marcel Duchamp, : - 
     Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven, Shaves Her Pubic Hair. See ->.

 1921 July 22nd. arrived in Paris. Met at the station by Marcel Duchamp 
     and introduced to Andre Breton, Louis Aragon, Paul Eluard, Gala 
     and Philippe Soupault. 
     Introduced by Gabriella Buffet to Paul Poiret who commissions him to 
     photograph his designs. " Just make your fashion pictures different". 
     Meets Jean Cocteau, and Erik Satie and starts affair with Kiki. 
     First exhibition at Librairie Six a bookstore owned by Mic Soupault.

 1922 Many portraits including those of Gertrude Stein, Georges Braque , 
     James Joyce (Sent to him by Sylvia Beach), Jean Cocteau, Serge Charchoune 
     and Marcel Proust -> on his deathbed ->. 
     Meets Pablo Picasso

 1923 Berenice Abbott becomes his assistant until 1926. 
     Dudley Murphy convinces Fernand Leger to make Ballet mecanique with Man 
     doing some of the photography. 
     Makes first movie  which features Kiki. 
     La Coeur A Barbe
     Object of Destruction 
Larger ->.
 1924 A chess game with Marcel Duchamp is filmed by Francis Picabia 
      and Rene Clair in Entr'acte. 
       Suzanne Duchamp. 

 1925 The French and American editions of 'Vogue' publish his fashion photographs.

 1926 May; Films Emak Bakia -> again with Kiki then helps 
      Marcel Duchamp with Anemic Cinema -> also with  Marc Allgret?.

 1927 Signs Manifesto Hands Off Love in defense of Charlie Chaplin. 

 1928  L'Etoile de Mer -> with Kiki; a film based on a poem by Robert Desnos.
      Les Mysteres du Chateau de Des a filmed at the house of Charles de Noailles, 
      financed by Charles and Marie-Laure De Noailles.

 1929 Began an affair with the Lee Miller. 
      Together with his photography assistant and lover, he reinvented the photographic 
      technique of solarization.
      Introduced to Luis Bunuel by Teriade of Cahiers d'art.
      Provides photos for a book  by Louis Aragon together with Benjamin Peret,
      published in Brussels by Paul-Gustave van Hecke.
      Photographs -> the model Suzy Solidor.

 ==1930's==
 1930 Helped by Lee, projected images at Le Bal Blanc at the Pecci-Blunt residence.
      Film Self Portrait with Lee, which remained in his possession until his death.
      Tanja Ramm models for him (See ->).
      Contributed to Le Surrealisme au service de la revolution.
      William Seabrook -> (diabolist, fetishist and recreational cannibal) See wiki -> becomes a patron. 
      Man makes a silver choke collar for his wife Marjorie Worthington -> and photographs -> her. 
      The Fantasies of Mr Seabrook -> with Suzy Solidor.

 1932 Object of Destruction revamped as Object to be destroyed ->, incorporating 
      Lee Miller's Eye.
      His Bell Jars influence Joseph Cornell

 1933 Trip to Hamburg.
      In the summer meets up with Marcel Duchamp and Mary Reynolds in Cadaques 
      meeting up with Salvador Dali and Gala. They later go to Barcelona. 

 1934 Observatory time, the lovers - a hommage to Lee Miller.
Larger ->.
      Meret Oppenheim posed for Man Ray in what became a well-known series 
      of photographs depicting her standing next to a printing press.
Larger ->.
 1935 Photographs Valentine Hugo as the Queen of Diamonds ->.
       Photographs Sonia Mosse with Nusch.   
Larger ->.
      Collaboration with Paul Eluard, 
      Facile a book of Poems with his photos of Nusch. See ->. 
      A copy was dedicated to Tita; A  Tita a l'amie, l'ami Paul Eluard.

 1936 Begins affair with Ady Fidelin. 
      Formally divorced from Adon Lacroix.
      International Surrealist Exhibition held in London.
      Committee: (English) Hugh Sykes Davies, David Gascoyne, Humphrey Jennings, 
      Rupert Lee, Diana Brinton Lee, Henry Moore, Paul Nash, 
      Roland Penrose, Herbert Read, Edouard Mesens. (French) Andre Breton, 
      Paul Eluard, Georges Hugnet, Man Ray
      Photographed -> by Rogi Andre. 

 1937 Holidays on The Fal River, Cornwall; with Max Ernst, Henry Moore, 
      Irina Radetsky, Eileen Agar, Leonora Carrington, Paul Eluard, 
      Roland Penrose, Lee Miller, Nusch, Ady Fidelin, Edouard Mesens, 
      and Joseph Bard. 
      Summers in the South of France at Mougins : with Ady Fidelin, Paul Eluard 
      and Nusch, Roland Penrose and Valentine Penrose, Pablo Picasso 
      and Dora Maar along with the Afghan Hound, Kaslek. 
      Provides illustrations -> for Les Mains libres  by Paul Eluard . 
      Dedicates -> a copy to Florence Meyer. 
      Makes last movie with Pablo Picasso and Paul Eluard.
      Photographs Ithell Colquhoun.

 1938 Jan. Exhibits in Exposition Internationale du Surrealisme at the Galerie 
      Beaux-Arts, Paris; organizers Andre Breton, Marcel Duchamp assisted by 
      Paul Eluard. Fifteen of the artists were given mannequins to decorate 
      and Man Ray filmed the results as Resurrection des Mannequins -> . 
      Artists: - Salvador Dali, Oscar Dominguez, Marcel Duchamp, 
      Leo Malet, Andre Masson, Joan Miro, Wolfgang Paalen, Kurt Seligmann, 
      Yves Tanguy, Marcel Jean, Max Ernst, Espinoza?, Maurice Henry, 
      Sonia Mosse, and Man Ray.

  ==1940's==
 1940 Leaves Paris via Lisbon for USA.
      New York and Hollywood where he meets Juliet Browner.

 1946 Collaborates with Hans Richter on ''Dreams That Money Can Buy ->.
      Double wedding in Beverly Hills: Man Ray to Juliet Browner and  
      Max Ernst to Dorothea Tanning.
      Meets Bill Copley ->.

 1947 Visits Paris with Juliet.

  ==1950's and later==
 1950 Photographs Ava Gardner.

 1951 Moves back to Paris with Juliet; takes up Painting again.

 1956?  The Fifty Faces of Juliet photos of Juliet 1945 - 1955; republished 2009.

 1963 he published his autobiography, Self-Portrait, which was republished in 1999.
      Satrap in the College of Pataphysics. 

 1970 Ray and Juliet attend a lunch given by Marie-Laure de Noailles 
      shortly before she died. Also present James Lord.

 1976 Nov. 18th. d. Paris. 
      Buried in the cemetery in Montparnasse where his epitaph reads: - 
      "Unconcerned but not Indifferent".

      See Videos -> and wiki ->.
      See Photographic Work -> and Tumblir->.

      Bibliography
      Man Ray'€™s Montparnasse -> - Herbert Lottman. (2001). 


      See Timeline