1917 b. April 6th Clayton Green, near Chorley, Lancashire.
English born Painter, Sculptor and Writer.
Bought up at Crookhey Hall, Cockerham.
==1950's and later==
1932 Attended Mrs. Penrose's boarding school in Florence.
Italian art influenced her technique in later years.
1935 Presented at court of George V. Photographed by Cecil Beaton ->.
1936 Chelsea School of Arts and then joined the painting Academy Amedee Ozenfant;
also attended by Ursula Blackwell See ->.
Given Surrealism - Herbert Read by her mother.
Visited the International Surrealist Exhibition in London.
1937 Met Max Ernst in London after being invited to a dinner party hosted by Ursula
wife of the Hungarian revolutionary architect Erno Goldfinger ->.
Holidays on The Fal River, Cornwall with Max Ernst, Man Ray, Henry Moore,
Irina Radetsky, Eileen Agar, Leonora Carrington, Paul Eluard,
Roland Penrose, Lee Miller, Nusch, Ady Fidelin, Edouard Mesens,
and Joseph Bard.
Moved to Paris with Ernst.
Met Andre Breton, Yves Tanguy, Benjamin Peret, Hans Bellmer,
Jean Arp, Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dali, Leonor Fini, Valentine Hugo,
Meret Oppenheim, Toyen, Grace Pailthorpe, Louis Aragon, Alberto Giacometti,
Gisele Prassinos and Jimmy Ernst.
Luis Bunuel proposed that she become his mistress giving her the key to the
secret studio that he used as a love nest and told her to meet him the next afternoon.
The next morning, Leonora went to visit the place and taking advantage of the fact
that she was menstruating, she covered her hands with blood and used them to make
handprints all over the walls in order to provide a bit of decoration for that
anonymous, impersonal room. Ref A.
1938 Jan; Exhibits in Exposition Internationale du Surrealisme at the
Galerie Beaux-Arts, Paris; Organizers Andre Breton and Marcel Duchamp.
Finishes her breakthrough Self-Portrait (Inn of the Dawn Horse).
La Maison de la peur published by Henri Parisot -> (Fr) who was to remain her
life long literary adviser.
Summer; Moves with Max Ernst to Saint-Martin d'Ardeche, S. France
June; visited by Roland Penrose and Lee Miller;
Peggy Guggenheim who purchases The Horses of Lord Candlestick.
Paints Meal of Lord Candlestick
1939 Summer; visited by Leonor Fini with Mandiargues and Federico Veneziano
and by Tristan Tzara.
Portrait of Max Ernst
Sept; Max interned; freed at Christmas.
Published La Dame ovale (The Oval Lady) with reproductions of collages by Max Ernst.
1940 May; Max interned again.
June; Carrington escaped to Spain with Michel Lukacs and his girlfriend Catherine Yarrow ->.
She has a breakdown in Madrid and is taken from the British Embassy to a private
sanatorium in Santander at the instigation of her father and his business associates.
Administered Cardiazol which induced spasms similar to electroshock therapy.
Attended by Dr. Luis Morales. **
1941 Sent to Madrid then Lisbon en route to S. Africa; escaped from her guardian
and went straight to the Mexican Embassy to find her old friend Renato Leduc.
Married the Mexican poet Renato Leduc in (a marriage of convenience).
Sailed for New York in one of the last ships to leave Europe.
Once in New York she rejoined the Surrealists meeting with Marcel Duchamp, Andre Breton.
Re-met Luis Bunuel.
1942 settling in Mexico. Friends with Remedios Varo
Met again with Andre Breton, Benjamin Peret, Alice Rahon, Wolfgang Paalen,
1943 Shows in Exhibition by 31 Women at Peggy Guggenheim's Art of this
Century, New York
At the insistence of Pierre Mabille she wrote En bas (Down Below)
edited and transcribed by his wife Jeanne Megnen.
1946 Married the Hungarian photographer Emerico Weisz ->, (Chiqui).
Meets Sonja Sekula.
1947 Birth of her son, the artist Pablo Weisz Carrington ->.
Her circle included Pierre Mabille, who encouraged her to write Down Below,
Octavio Paz, Diego Rivera and to a lesser extent Frida Kahlo.
Edward James arranged her a show for Carrington in Pierre Matisse's gallery in New York .
Temptation of St Anthony ->.
Play A Flannel Night-Shirt.
==1950's and later==
1957 Griffin Tapestry ->.
1976 PublishedThe Stone Door written in the 1940's.
1985? Moved to the United States; living in New York and then in Chicago.
1992? Returned to Mexico.
2005? Contributes to ''Dancin' in the Streets! Anarchists, IWWs Surrealists,
Situationists & Provos in the 1960s'' by Penelope Rosemont.
2011? May 26th. d. Mexico City.
Leonora Carrington; Surrealism, Alchemy and Art -> - Susan L. Aberth (2010).
See work -> and Interview 2007 and Video June 2010 ->.
See web -> and more and noise and silence ->
See Obit Telegraph ->.
** Morales asserted in 1993? Surrealism was a prophylaxis
and wondered if Carrington, in 1941 was actually sane in her adaption to
society as it was at the time and if now she would even be classified as ill.
Ref A See The Spiritual Journey of Alejandro Jodorowsky.