1941 May - 1944 
   A surrealist Resistance Group which clandestinely published Periodicals 
   in France during World War II.
   Founded by Noel Arnaud and joined by many from the group Les Reverberes 
   and including Robert Rius, Jean-Francois Chabrun, Adolfe Acker ->, Paul Eluard, 
   Georges Hugnet, Maurice Henry, Jean Ferry, Oscar Dominguez, 
   Jacques Herold, Victor Brauner, Gerard de Sede, Christian Dotremont, 
   Marc Patin, Gerard Vulliamy, Marco Menegoz, Andre Still ->, and 
   Edouard Jaguer among others.
   The name was taken from Une saison en enfer by Arthur Rimbaud
   "La main a  plume vaut la main a charrue". 
   ("The hand that writes is equal to the hand that ploughs").
   In addition to anoymity the design and layout of each issue varied so that it did not appear a periodical.
   12 editions were published.

 1941 May; First issue
   Adolphe Acker ->, Christine Boumeester?,Jean-Francois Chabrun, Achille Chavee, Jean-Claude Diamant-Berger 
   Christian Dotremont, Henri Goetz, J-V Manuel (Manuel Viola), Regine Raufast, Robert Rius, 
   Hans Schoenhoff, Gerard  Schneider, Gerard de Sede, Gerard Vulliamy, Katia Thirion and Marc Patin. 
   Les rejoignent : Noel Arnaud, Jacques Bureau, Aline Gagnaire?, Emile Guikovaty, Edouard Jaguer, 
   Jean Jausion, Jean Hoyaux, Nadine Lefebure, Leo Malet, Pablo Picasso, Boris Rybak, Paul Eluard, 
   Georges Hugnet,Maurice Blanchard, Andre Stil, Jean Simonpoli, Charles Bocquet, Raoul Ubac, 
   Maurice Henry, Oscar Dominguez, Rene Magritte, Maurice Nadeau, Paul Delvaux, 
   Jacques Herold, Jean Arp.

   To circumvent discovery the periodical was published under a different name for each edition.
   The "Head Office" changed as well from the home of Robert Rius and Laurence Iche, to the home of Marthe Chabrun, 
   mother of Jean-Francois Chabrun. 
   The letter boxes were the houses of Marc Patin for the first edition ; and then the homes of 
   Daniel Chabrun and Noel Arnaud. 
   Autumn; Noel Arnaud became secretary to the group.
   All the editorials were by Jean-Francois Chabrun.

   Eight of the members were shot by the Nazis or died in the camps: 
   Tita deported and died in Auschwitz. 
   Hans Schoenhoff Imprisoned Cherche-Midi, deported and died in Auschwitz. 
   Jean-Pierre Mulotte thrown from the Austerlitz bridge in Paris. 
   Jean-Claude Diamant-Berger, Parachuted for the French Foreign Legion and died in Normandie. 
   Marc Patin, Died of pneumonia in a German hospital.

 1944 June; At the urging of Robert Rius, Jean Simonpoli, director of 
   Cahiers de poesie; together with 17 year old surrealist poet Marco Menegoz 
   (Quatre Vingt Et Un) formed a Maquis in the forests of Fontainebleau. 
   July 4th. They were denounced, imprisoned and tortured; and on
   July 21st.  on the plain of Chanfroy with 20 other resistants. 
   See Video - Ghjuva-est-mort ->.

   Published by La Main A Plume (1942-1944):

   1. Aux absents qui n'ont pas toujours tort, Noel Arnaud
   2. Les Pelouses fendues d'Aphrodite - Maurice Blanchard
   3. L'Incendie habitable - Gerard de Sade
   4. Qui fait la pluie et le beau temps - Jean-Francois Chabrun
   5. Pleine marge - Andre Breton
   6. Le Frere de Lacenaire - Leo Malet
   7. Celui qui n'a pas de nom (Synopsis pour un film surrealiste) - J-V Manuel (Manuel Viola).
   8. Les Malheurs d'un dollar - Benjamin Peret
   9. A‰tagare en flamme - Laurence Iche
  10. Serrures en friche - Robert Rius
  11. Lettres d'amour - Christian Dotremont
  12. Pablo Picasso - Jean-Francois Chabrun with Robert Rius

   See wiki -> and also and also ->.

   See Timeline