1916 b. October 10th. at Harrow, Middlesex. English Poet and Writer ==1930's== ==1940's== ==1950's== ==Later Life== 1924 - 1930 Attends Salisbury Choir School. 1929 - 1930 First poems published in school magazine. ==1930's== 1931 - 1932 Student at Regent Street Polytechnic, living in Twickenham. 1932 Roman Balcony and Other Poems published. 1933 Opening Day published. Meets Andre Breton, Paul Eluard and other surrealists in Paris, where George Reavey introduced him to Julian Trevelyan who gave him the address of Stanley William Haytor's Atelier where he first met Jean Helion, Max Ernst and Pavel Tchelitchew. Oct; First Surrealist Poem written in English And the Seventh Dream is the Dream of Isis. Published in New Verse. 1934 Frequented Arts Cafe at 1 Parton St. London. 1935 May; Publishes First Manifesto of English Surrealism in Cahiers d'Art. Returns to Paris to work on A Short Survey of Surrealism. Published with a dust jacket by Max Ernst.
Translates Salvador Dali's Conquest of the Irrational into English. In correspondence with Paul Eluard. Around this time he had a affair with Sheila Legge who assisted in the organizing of the International Surrealist Exhibition 1936 Helps organize the International Surrealist Exhibition held at the Burlington New Galleries with Hugh Sykes Davies, Humphrey Jennings, Rupert Lee, Diana Brinton Lee, Henry Moore, Paul Nash, Roland Penrose, Herbert Read. Rescued Salvador Dali from his diving suit. Joined the Communist Party of Great Britain. Travelled from Paris with Roland Penrose and Valentine Penrose to Spain and broadcast some radio talks for the Barcelona-based propaganda ministry but quickly became disillusioned and left the organization. Acquaintance with Roger Roughton. Become friends with Charles Madge and through him became involved in the Mass Observation movement with Tom Harrisson and Humphrey Jennings and Julian Trevelyan. Translates Andre Breton : What is Surrealism?. Man's Life is this Meat published by the Parton Street Press. In the Parton Street cafe, he mixed with teenage radicals brought on by the publisher David Archer; a feisty group including Esmond Romilly -> and Philip Toynbee ->. His closest friend was George Barker ->. Sept; Signed Declaration on Spain. 1937 Working on several unpublished projects. 1937 - 1939 Friendships with Dylan Thomas ->, Julian Trevelyan, Kathleen Raine ->, Antonia White -> and Norman Cameron ->, who introduced him to American poetry, which he found more exciting than English poetry. Anais Nin, Lawrence Durrell and Henry Miller were also among his friends. 1938 Hoelderlin's Madness published which established his reputation. Requiem written for Priaulx Rainer ->; ==1940's== 1940 Translates Gisele Prassinos. 1941 Cook aboard a coastal vessel, joins ENSA ->, tours with Theatre Company. 1942 Contributes to Poets of Tomorrow - Third Series. 1943 Poems 1937 - 1942 published; illustrated by Graham Sutherland. 1947 Returns to Paris for a year. He was "excommunicated" from the group by Andre Breton who, after reading his Ecce Homo, accused him of being a Roman Catholic. ==1950's== 1950 Hole in the Wall or Talk, Talk, Talk (play) performed in London. A Vagrant and Other Poems published. 1951 Awarded a Guggenheim fellowship. 1952 Thomas Carlyle published. 1954 - 1964 Living in Aix-en-Provence. 1955 Night Thoughts commissioned and broadcast by the BBC. 1956? Night Thoughts published. Dust jacket by Julian Trevelyan. This later work moved away from surrealism towards a more metaphysical and religious poetry. Premiered of Requiem. ==Later Life== 1961 Thirty paintings exhibited at the home of the Countess of Moray in Ebury Street, London. 1964 After suffering a mental breakdown, Gascoyne returned to England and spent the rest of his life on the Isle of Wight. 1965? Collected Poems published. 1970 Sun at Midnight and Collected Translations published. 1975? m. Judy Lewis. It was in Whitecroft Hospital on the Isle of Wight that Gascoyne met his wife: Judy explains: One of my favourite poems was called September Sun. I read it one afternoon and one of the patients came up to me afterwards and said 'I wrote that', I put my hand on his shoulder and said 'Of course you did, dear'. Then of course when I got to know him I realised he had. Takes part in Cambridge Poetry Festival. 1976 Three Poems published. 1978? Paris Journal 1937 - 1939 published. 1979 Attends the first International Poetry Festival in Rome. 1980? Journal 1936 - 1937 published. Early Poems published. 1981? Attends Cambridge Poetry Festival. 1982 Visits Genova, Italy for presentation of the prize "Premio Biella - Poesia Europa" for his poem La Mano del Poeta. 1984 Journals published in French translation. Five Early Uncollected Poems published. 1985? Magnetic Fields published. 1988? Collected Poems 1988 published. 1991? Collected Journals 1937 - 1942 published. 1993? Lawrence Durrell published. 1994? Three Remanences published. Selected Poems published. 1996? Awarded the Chevalier dans l'Ordre des Arts et Lettres. Selected Verse Translations published. 1997? Selected Essays published. 2001? April published. 2001? d. November 25th. Isle of Wight. See obituaries ->,and wiki -> and web -> and also ->. See David Gascoyne Collection at Yale University. See Timeline