1931

  Max Ernst affair with Leonor Fini who was invited to exhibit in Milan alongside Giorgio de Chirico 
  Jean Arp breaks with the Surrealists
  Victor Brauner paints Self-portrait with enucleated eye 
  Salvador Dali paints  -> The Persistence of Memory 
  Julien Levy opens his gallery in New York.
  Ithell Colquhoun first visits Paris.
  The release of the movie City Lights starring Charlie Chaplin.
  The original film version of Dracula with Bela Lugosi is released.
  The Second Spanish Republic is proclaimed in Madrid.
  In an attempt to stop the banking crisis in Central Europe from causing a worldwide financial meltdown, 
  President Herbert Hoover issues the -> Hoover Moratorium. 
  Emperor Haile Selassie signs the first constitution of Ethiopia
  Geli Raubal is found  in Hitler's apartment 
  Dick Tracy, a comic strip detective character created by cartoonist Chester Gould, made its debut appearance
 in the Detroit Mirror newspaper.


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